Explain how socrates' argument that death should not be feared rests on the socratic paradox characterize as clearly as possible socrates' conception of the soul does the existence of the soul presuppose an afterlife explain why or why not from a socratic point of view in what way do you think. Cebes is puzzled by what seems to be a contradiction-- that those for whom death would be a blessing cannot take their own lives, but must wait for their lives to be taken from them--and asks socrates to articulate this view socrates explains that we are the possessions of the gods, and so have no right to harm ourselves. The hour of departure has arrived, and we go our own ways—i to die, and you to live which is better god only knows (edman 1930, p 88) these dramatic lines, spoken by socrates at the end of plato's apology, are among the most memorable in the history of western philosophy their implication that death is a blessed. The infamous trial of the ancient greek philosopher, socrates, has long been regarded as one of the first, most dramatic cases of a miscarriage of justice, ending in the death penalty for the founding father of western thought. If death is annihilation, it is to be looked forward to as we would look forward to a deep, restful sleep on the other hand, if death is a transmigration to some sort of afterlife, that afterlife will be populated by all the great figures of the past, from homer to odysseus socrates remarks how delightful it would be to pass amongst. This is a video in my new core concepts series -- designed to provide students and lifelong learners a brief discussion focused on one main concept from a cl. Plato's dialogues overview of the central questions the fear of death is an ethical concern for plato for two reasons first, plato, like most ancient ethicists, thinks the aim of a good life is achieving a harmonious soul, which is comprised of a coherent set of beliefs and desires that manifest themselves in action it. By engaging in dialectic with a group of socrates' friends, including the two thebans, cebes, and simmias, socrates explores various arguments for the soul's immortality in order to show that there is an afterlife in which the soul will dwell following death phaedo tells the story that following the discussion, he and the others.
Because of socrates belief in a higher power, an afterlife, and the superiority of the soul to the body, he often makes the claim that it is far worse to be evil than to be dead to be evil is to have a socrates views on virtue, death and the soul jointly imply that no other person can inflict any real harm upon him (cf apology. This essay will examine both socrates and epicurus' views as to why death should not be feared, and will also express my personal opinion on which i found most convincing socrates' argument that we should not fear death comes from the premises that death is either nothingness, or involves an afterlife socrates argues. In the first, we propose that beliefs about death and the possibility of an afterlife are of enduring significance because of our care for persons here and in plato's phaedo, socrates presents reasons why a philosopher should even welcome death (albeit not permitting or encouraging suicide), because of its.
Aristotle had faith in the vox populi, that in the vote (so to speak, and contra plato) -- ie the common beliefs of all mankind -- the truth lies waiting to be extracted (by aristotle in aristotle's way) the question is still of course, not whether the common belief of men is fear of death, but whether the philosophical thinker ought to. Their lives caring for their souls by pursuing philosophy will face death easily and will be looked after by the gods the discussion closes with an account of the soul's journey in the afterlife that differs slightly in emphasis from the myth in the gorgias at 63b7-11 socrates states that it is his belief that he will. Given socrates devout belief in the gods, this is an appropriate argument for his time when it is impossible to ascertain the future outcome of a particular event, one should not fear the momentary retribution the idea that death is potentially of value allows socrates the possibility for a tranquil disposition. Agreeing with the athenians that death is an appropriate punishment for those received opinion yet it is a rather large leap from that position to one that extols socrates' virtues or to the belief that socrates is someone to be emulated the philosopher deserves a reward after death, which hinges on an afterlife in.
If we set belief aside, then we must see if there's any evidence for an afterlife the truth is, there isn't any hard i think i'm safe in saying that the vast majority of people on this planet believe in some sort of life after death, but belief doesn't really get us anywhere with this profound question either there is an. In plato's dialogue of the phaedo, socrates delineates the various plateaus of the after-life and makes it clear that the soul who, in life, devotes itself to the good is rewarded in the beyond with a much more pleasant existence in ancient greece death was defeated, not by the gods, but by the human agency of memory. Plato's phaedo and shakespeare's play hamlet offer different perspectives on the life we are unsure of, namely death or the afterlife through the the trial and untimely death of socrates, in my opinion, was a small group of people throwing a fit when it was pointed they weren't as smart as they thought. Things the just will receive, both in life and at death socrates' account of poetry in book x can help us understand his goal in producing a myth not merely in imitation of unexamined opinion 2 ἐπίδειξις: demonstration, a show-off speech a good rhetorician would have something prepared, to exhibit his.
By examining how socrates uses “unbelief” (apistia, among other words) concerning the afterlife to interrogate ethics and politics, this article gives a fresh perspective 1belief in the afterlife, since ancient times, has engendered deadly warrant: as far back as the antigone personal rewards after death explicitly justified the. The other view of death is that it is a change from this world to another place it would be an escape from this world and all those who had passed judgement on him many great people that died before him would greet socrates in the afterlife socrates said that this would be pleasant because he could go on with his life like. The myth about the afterlife (107c-115a) socrates' death (115a-118a) references and further reading general commentaries the philosopher and death (59c-69e) three arguments for the soul's immortality (69e-84b) objections from simmias and cebes, and socrates' response (84c-107b) the myth about the.
The odyssey is an epic poem plato's republic is a philosophical treatise as one might expect from such disparate texts, the views of the afterlife they present actually have little in common the odyssey conveys quite a pessimistic view of the afterlife status, distinction, and honor disappear after death, and all individuals. 306 when did you start hearing about near-death experiences the standard accounts of the burgeoning field usually list the mid-1970s as the beginning, when physician and psychologist raymond moody first published life after life, his internationally best-selling study of 150 people who had ndes. It leads us toward the physical center of the dialogues (1), the death of socrates at the end of it, that was on hold since the end of the crito we hear plato's beliefs about socrates' beliefs in order to help us form our own beliefs about the question that alone can give meaning to our life (back. Is there life after death examining beliefs about reincarnation, immortality of the soul, and nietzsche's eternal recurrence there is a noticeable gap in this theory: where does the socrates tuning exist after the death of socrates' body and before it is realized in another body i suppose this is where you would say the.