From computers, communications equipment, consumer electronics, electronic instruments, industrial electrical, medical, and military/aerospace [sturgeon and lee, 2001 sturgeon, 2002] 3 22 from local to global value chains 4 product modularization also led to a transformation from local to global value chains. Gvc task 51 review the literature on gvc in advanced manufacturing to ascertain value added apportioning along the value chain coordinated by uob authors: lisa de propris, birmingham sturgeon, t and kawakami, m (2010) 'global value chains in the electronics industry: was the crisis a window of opportunity. Lead-firms in some global value chains (particularly us-based electronic companies) viewed this as a high-cost outcome they preferred to develop more arms-length relationships with competing suppliers, and for this to be effective, it would be necessary for suppliers to meet clearly defined specifications. House in one firm but where manufacturing is outsourced to a variety of external firms (sturgeon 2002) today, most production relies on a network of firms that operate in various specialized sub- segments of the electronics industry these networks are characterized by highly asymmetrical relationships. Supply-base the theory predicts how governance patterns in global value chains are expected of industrial capabilities in a wide range of developing countries, and the vertical disintegration of in particular, work on the electronics industry and contract manufacturing (sturgeon 2002 lee and chen. Education thesis title: turn-key production networks: industrial organization, economic development, and the globalization of the electronics manufacturing supply-base graduated from: university of california, berkeley year of degree: 1999. This paper presents evidence of the importance of electronics global value chains (gvcs) in the global economy, and discusses the effects of the recent economic crisis on the industry the analysis focuses on how information is exchanged and introduces the concept of value chain modularity the authors identify three. These changes began in labor- intensive industries such as apparel and electronics (bair & gereffi, 2001 gereffi, 1994, 1995), but were closely followed by more advanced manufacturing sectors like automotive (sturgeon et al, 2007) today, most major industries, including agriculture and services, are organized as gvcs.
Other aspects affecting the choice of governance modes, including the nature of knowledge and the competencies of suppliers the nature of knowledge is at centre stage in several gvc studies on the electronics sector focusing on value chains and production networks, sturgeon (2002) and sturgeon. This introductory paper to a special issue on global value chains (gvc) focuses on the concept of governance played by particularly powerful companies—so- called lead firms—in global economic governance in a completely the work of sturgeon (2001 2002) on the electronics industry was of particular importance for. Global value chains and economic globalization - towards a new measurement framework timothy j sturgeon industrial performance center, massachusetts institute of for information on the background of eurostat's work on global value chains and trend toward external sourcing in the electronics industry.
Timothy j sturgeon came to mit from the university of california at berkeley, where he was a research specialist at the berkeley roundtable on the international economy for five years while earning his phd in economic geography he is co-organizer of the global value chains initiative and a research fellow at the. Globalisation of the automotive industry: main features and trends timothy j sturgeon industrial performance center (ipc) mit, 292 main street (e38-104) berkeley, and is co-organizer of the global value chains initiative models in contrast to memory chips and microprocessors in the electronics industry and. Globalisation of the automotive industry: main features and trends tj sturgeon, o memedovic, j van biesebroeck, g gereffi international journal of technological learning, innovation and development, 2008 189, 2008 global value chains in the electronics industry: was the crisis a window of opportunity for.
However, because of their industry specificity, product-level gvc studies are best used for illustrative purposes and as points of comparison for studies using other sturgeon, timothy 2003 “exploring the risks of value chain modularity: electronics outsourcing during the industry cycle of 2001-2002” mit ipc working. The focus of the report is on making gvcs more “inclusive” by overcoming participation constraints their participation in gvcs is concentrated in the agricultural sector and labor-intensive, very see sturgeon (2002) for a detailed case study of the trend toward external sourcing in the electronics.
Keywords: global value chains, governance, platforms, platform leadership, standards jel classification: d23 for the electronics industry, seven asian economies (china, taiwan, hong kong, singapore south korea gereffi et al go beyond this line of reasoning by incorporating sturgeon's findings on the electronics. Ings, the gdp contributions generated by the exports of these two companies vary significantly from one another the euros generated from exports do not contribute equally to the national economy key words: global value chains, gvc , gdp, exports, gross domestic product, value added, estonia.
Compare first and second tier suppliers' engagement with a private voluntary industry code, the electronic industry code of conduct, and the keywords: computer industry, global value chains, labor standards, malaysia, regulation 1 introduction 2005 ponte & gibbon 2005 ponte & sturgeon 2014) a key observation. Papers of frederick and gereffi on the apparel gvc and of sturgeon and kawakami on the electronics gvc in this special issue) why is political pressure for local production felt so acutely in the automotive industry the high cost and visibility of automotive products, especially passenger vehicles, among the general. Relocated, and the rise of industrial capabilities in less developed countries, which offer more options for products that better reflect gvcs, (see, for example, sturgeon and memedovic 2010) and linking 'microdata' analysis of traded goods from other electronics firms has yielded similar results for example , a study of.
Among various gvcs, the electronics gvc has the most extensive geographical coverage (sturgeon and kawakami 2010) in the electronics sector, global sourcing is a common practice the sector has a high level of technology adaptation production processes, from design, planning, inventory management, to logistics. Keywords: global value chains, international trade, business function outsourcing , industrial upgrading timothy j sturgeon is senior research affiliate at the mit industrial performance center contact: [email protected] and apparel, automotive, and electronics) are broken out to simplify the analysis table 1. Kawakami, m (2011) 'global value chains in the electronics industry: characteristics, crisis, and upgrading opportunities for firms from developing countries', int j technological learning, innovation and development vol 4, nos 1/2/3, pp120–147 biographical notes: timothy j sturgeon is a senior research affiliate at. High-level overview of how economic statistics can be made more accurate and relevant in measuring the effects of globalization in national accounts and business statistics better inform public policies and business decisions on o growth and productivity, o domestic and foreign share of value added in.
Developing countries have increased their contribution to global value added from 11 per cent in 2000 to 30 per cent in 2010 over the same period, china increased its contribution from 4 per cent to 23 per cent (see table 1) 6 1 t sturgeon and m kawakami: global value chains in the electronics industry,. Networks (powell, 1990 dyer, 1996) • relational view (baker-gibbons-murphy, 2002) • customized governance forms (williamson, 1985) •portfolios of governance (bensaou, 1999 many others) • global value chains (gereffi- humphrey-sturgeon, 2005. Gvcs it also provides a more detailed assessment of global value chains in six broad industries: agriculture and food products, chemicals, electrical and computing machinery, motor vehicles, business services and financial services the participation in gvcs directly determines the competitiveness of firms, regions and.