Introduction gangs: a complex community issue community solution to gang violence: a comprehensive community initiative gang issue, leadership and initial vision emerges exploring the issue collective vision emerges vision statement theme areas engaging community and building community will create. Introduction in recent years growing concern over the increase in serious youth violence and gang culture in the uk has prompted considerable debate due to problems associated with accessing gang members and family members for interview it was agreed that each respondent would receive a gift token (of. Gang membership in los angeles has continued to increase over the past five years even though there have been periodic crime decreases one of the major factors contributing to increased gangs, gang membership and violence has been the lucrative narcotics trade, with rival gangs vying for the greatest market share. National youth gang survey analysis among agencies reporting a gang problem, approximately half also reported an increase in nonlethal gang-related violent crime (49 percent), and 43 percent reported an increase in analysis for this section pertains only to law enforcement agencies reporting gang problems. Crime, violence, and community-based prevention in honduras the justice, security and development series this research report is part of a series on justice, security and development, produced with the generous support of the bank- netherlands partnership program (bnpp.
Time scales and analysis 31 3 the birmingham context: understanding the issues and challenges 31 introduction 33 32 interpretations and perspectives regarding gangs and violence in birmingham –views from social research studies and reports 34 33 the current issues and challenges 38 34 interventions and. Executive summary 11 chapter 1 | introduction 19 c multiplicity and complexity of the causes and effects of violence 36 d worrying trends 39 for a deeper analysis of the presence of organized crime and of so-called “streets gangs” in the caribbean, their characteristics and the. Social science collection guides topical bibliographies wwwbl uk/socialsciences youth gangs, knife and gun crime introduction success in dealing with the underlying causes of violence, fear and insecurity elements on 'youth bands' and, on the other hand, with the analysis of the views of.
Strategic ambitions for london - gangs and serious youth violence 3 foreword 4 executive summary 7 introduction 8 what is known about gangs in london 11 what is the harm caused by gangs to individuals 12 what is the harm caused by gangs to communities 17 where is this harm being caused in london. Urban violence itself is also rapidly, dramatically changing this issue of environment and urbanization seeks to understand better the phenomenon of urban violence and insecurity, to document the causes, costs and consequences, and to highlight commu- nity-based innovative solutions to the problem this introduction. Introduction this article presents a case study of a grassroots response to the trauma of neighborhood violence in syracuse, new york this response is associated with a significant reduction in both gang-related gunshots and murders begun in 2010, the trauma response team (trt), a group of mostly.
Living in a world of violence: an introduction to detailed legal analysis of the application of the 1951 convention and other relevant instruments in the introduction 'i am certain that if i had stayed in guatemala the members of the gang ms would have killed me,' chocoy wrote in an affidavit 'i have seen them beat. Executive summary i 1 introduction 1 2 methodology 2 sample 2 design 3 methodological limitations 5 3 main findings 8 what is a gang 8 what factors findings from this study suggest the meaning of violence for participants can be understood 2008) and a set of four themes was produced.
The analysis indicated that, at times, the participants reproduced problematising 1 introduction 11 introduction to the research in britain there are almost weekly media reports of gang shootings, stabbings or feuds, usually the life stories that lead to violence – what causes gang and. Introduction youth gangs have been a part of the american culture since the eighteenth century (sante 1991, sheldon 1898) gangs are diverse in american society not all gangs affect society at all levels, causing heightened fears for safety, violence, and economic costs7 reta newman, in fire debris analysis, 2008. Introduction gangs have captured the interest of americans for decades the entertainment media has utilized the concept of gangs to demonstrate a violent sub-cultural existence that is believed to exist within the geographical confines of the urban inner-city environment the entertainment media has been responsible for. This study contributes to the body of research examining why city-level violence rates peaked in 1993 taking homicide data from that year, we introduce an indicator for active street gangs along with indicators derived from common structural explanations of homicide rates we assess whether gang presence is empirically.
Thornberry, tp, membership in youth gangs and involvement in serious and violent offending, in r loeber and d p farrington (eds), serious and violent juvenile offenders: risk factors and successful interventions, thousand oaks, calif: sage publications, 1998 note that thornberry's analysis of. Summary 1 introduction 3 part 1: defining the problems 4 identifying the problem 4 defining gangs 5 gang –related behaviour 16 gang problems 18 issues the aim of this paper is to explore the nature, patterns and causes of youth gang violence the first part of the paper provides an overview of definitions.
Introduction how effective are gang-focused interventions at reducing youth crime and violence 4 project oracle synthesis studies: aims and 8 summary of the research and policy framework on gangs and youth violence: problem: gang membership and youth violence causes individual variables. To reduce the harm caused by gangs' violence, restore the rule of law and address the socio-economic bases of gang recruitment and extortion i introduction street gangs or maras, as they are known in the so-called northern triangle of central america (ntca), comprising el salvador, guatemala and. Executive summary gang violence in the maldives is becoming increasingly commonplace and the nature of violence more brutal as new types of drugs and weapons introduction despite the proliferation of gangs in recent years and the increase in gang violence, there is limited research on the nature of gangs, their.
I introduction 1 gang violence is a feature of everyday life in some countries of the world entire communities may be dominated by gangs and gang culture legal analysis 18 the increasing number of asylum claims resulting from gang-related activities, especially in the context of central america, has. School violence encompasses physical violence, including student-on-student fighting and corporal punishment psychological violence, including verbal abuse sexual violence, including rape and sexual harassment many forms of bullying, including cyberbullying and carrying weapons in school it is widely held to have. Lifestyle of the gang, and (3) suppression strategies are intended to use the full force of the law to deter and contain gang activity where possible, the report indicates whether specific programs and strategies target youth or adults and whether they are community- or institutionally-based street gang research has produced.